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How Man City became champions: Changing formations

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Foden, Guardiola, Man City

Adrian Clarke explains how using a false nine and narrow full-backs helped secure the title

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Pep Guardiola reacted to a poor start to 2020/21 by altering Manchester City‘s style of play, and it paid off as they were crowned Premier League champions.

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Adrian Clarke looks at the key changes that helped City claim their fifth title.

False nine

The most significant change to Guardiola’s tactics was his penchant for starting without a recognised striker.

He used a “false nine” in 13 out of 38 matches, and rotating the likes of Bernardo SilvaKevin De BruyneIlkay GundoganFerran TorresRaheem Sterling and Riyad Mahrez proved an effective ploy.

City’s 3-1 win at Chelsea in January and their 4-1 success at Liverpool a month later were standout triumphs for this system.

Chelsea 1-3 Man City highlights 

Intelligent movement caused both opponents all sorts of problems in those memorable away victories.

Midfield influence

Phil Foden and Gundogan are two players who have thrived in this set-up.

Foden’s mobility and movement proved well-suited to a fluid formation, and with no main striker taking up goalscoring positions Gundogan’s bursts into the box were even more dangerous.

Between them Foden and Gundogan shared seven direct goal involvements in those two aforementioned wins.

At Liverpool, City operated almost in a 2-3-3-2 formation with two split-strikers, Sterling and Mahrez, using Foden as the false nine.

Liverpool 1-4 Man City highlights

City’s average position map, including passing lines, from their stunning Anfield success can be seen below.

Talking Tactics, LIVMCI passing lines

Foden (47) showed great efficiency in his “false nine” position. He had only four touches inside the opposition box but contributed with a goal and an assist.

Talking Tactics, LEIMCI, Passing lines

In comparison, the graphic above shows how different City set up for their 2-0 win at Leicester City. Guardiola fielded two central strikers, with Sergio Aguero (10) flanked by Gabriel Jesus (9).

Talking Tactics, LEIMCI, Passing lines

As a by-product of this strategy, there was far less emphasis on width.

City’s full-backs and wide forwards hugged the touchline less, resulting in a major drop in the number of crosses into the box.

This made perfect sense in the absence of a natural striker who attacks crosses.

City’s crossing stats comparison
  Total Per 90 PL rank
  19/20 20/21 19/20 20/21 19/20 20/21
Open-play crosses 707 432 18.6 11.4 1st 16th
Succ. open-play crosses 134 58 3.5 1.5 2nd 19th

Adopting a narrow attacking approach was a huge change for City, who dropped from first to 16th in the rankings for the most open-play crosses.

The number of successful crosses also more than halved when compared with 2019/20.

To win the title having experienced such a large downturn is remarkable.

Open play crosses per 90
Full-back 2019/20 2020/21
Joao Cancelo 3.51 2.70
Benjamin Mendy 5.17 2.64
Kyle Walker 2.03 1.76
Oleksandr Zinchenko 3.68 1.59

Asking his full backs to back up attacks from more withdrawn central positions, rather than flying forward on a regular basis, Guardiola’s tactical shift was a big change.

Ultimately it helped Man City cope better from turnovers without hurting their attacking output.

Tomorrow: Part 3: How Man City became champions: Key players

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